Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University
From Indian Science Information
Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University popularly known as HAU, is one of Asia's biggest agricultural universities, located at Hisar, Haryana. It is named after India's seventh prime minister, Choudhary Charan Singh. It is a leader in agricultural research in India and contributed significantly to Green Revolution and White Revolution in India in the 1960s and 70s. It has a very large campus and has several research centres throughout the state. It won the Indian Council of Agricultural Research's Award for the Best Institute in 1997.
CHAUDHARY CHARAN SINGH HARYANA AGRICULTURE UNIVERSITITY
HAU was initially a campus of Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana. After the formation of Haryana in 1966, it became an autonomous institution on February 2, 1970 through a Presidential Ordinance, later ratified as Haryana and Punjab Agricultural Universities Act, 1970, passed by the Lok Sabha on March 29, 1970. A. L. Fletcher, the first Vice-Chancellor of the university, was instrumental in its initial growth and established it as a leader among agricultural universities in India.
HAU has a sprawling campus that is very scenic and is regularly visited by local people for morning and evening walks. The buildings are well-designed with a modern external as well as internal architecture. There is a Central Campus Core formed by Fletcher Bhawan, Gandhi Bhawan, Nehru Library and Indira Gandhi Auditorium, around which the other buildings and facilities are built. The university has a total land of 29.15 km² (1291 km² at the main campus at Hisar, 10.68 km² Seed Production Farm at Hisar, and 5.56 km² at outstations).
HAU has seven colleges in the main campus at Hisar:
- College of Agriculture
- College of Agricultural Engineering and Technology
- College of Animal Sciences
- College of Basic Sciences & Humanities
- Indira Chakravarty College of Home Science
- College of Veterinary Sciences
- Chaudhary Devi Lal Centre for Food Science & Technology
There are two additional Colleges of Agriculture at Kaul (near Kurukshetra) and Bawal (near Rewari).
In addition to the colleges, the university campus has the following important facilities:
- Nehru Library, a huge collection of 300,000 books and 700 journals in a floor area of 100,000 square feet.
- Fletcher Bhawan, the administrative block.
- Gandhi Bhawan, serving as the Directorate of Extension Education.
- Indira Gandhi Auditorium.
- Giri Centre, a modern facility acting as students' activity and welfare center; has badminton courts, squash courts, a synthetic track, an Olympic-size swimming pool, and a large indoor gymnasium.
- Campus Hospital, a 50-bed hospital for the university community.
- Campus School for the children of the faculty.
- Faculty Club and Faculty House.
- Farmers' Hostel and Kisan Ashram for visiting farmers.
- Extensive Hostel facilities for students enrolled in the university.
- Residential Buildings (970 at Hisar and 242 at outstations) of different sizes for staff and faculty.
- Shopping Centre with grocery shops, banks, post office, book stores etc.
The university has well-equipped laboratories that provide modern facilities like DNA sequencing, UV trans-illuminator, Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), FT-IR, gene gun, gene pulser, electron microscope, plasma spectrometer, X-ray diffraction, chromatography etc. Screen house, green house and transgenic green house are also available to researchers.
The university has well a developed experimental farm of 9.94 km² at the main campus, and ten experimental farms at regional research stations, a total area of 5.68 km². These farms have both canal and tubewell irrigation facilities. Recently, the Government of Haryana has provided additional land of 16.08 km² to the university exclusively for seed production.
The university has an extensive system of research facilities spread throughout the state of Haryana.
- Eight Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Agricultural Science Centres) situated at Devigarh (Kaithal), Kurukshetra, Bhopani (Faridabad), Jagdishpur (Sonepat), Sadalpur (Hisar) Jind, Ujha (Panipat)and Damla (Yamunanagar)
- Twelve Krishi Gyan Kendras (Agricultural Knowledge Centres) at Karnal, Rohtak, Jind, Ambala, Sirsa, Gurgaon, Sonipat, Bhiwani,Panchkula , Palwal (Faridabad), Hisar and Mahendragarh
- Six Regional Research Stations at Bawal (Rewari), Rohtak, Kaul (Kaithal), Buria (Yamunanagar), Ambala and Balsamand (Hisar)
- A Training Institute at Nilokheri (Karnal).
- Six Disease Investigation Labs at Rohtak, Ambala, Sirsa, Jind, Gurgaon and Karnal.
- Academy of Agricultural Research and Education Management
- Haryana State Remote Sensing Application Center (HARSAC)
The Governor of Haryana is the Chancellor of the university and the Honorary Chairman of the Board of Management. The Vice-Chancellor is the working chairman of the board, and is the principal executive and academic head of the university. The Registrar for Academic and Administrative Affairs, the Comptroller for Finance and the Director of Students' Welfare are the chief administrative assistants of the Vice-Chancellor. The supreme academic authority is the Academic Council, chaired by the Vice-Chancellor. There are Board of Studies headed by Deans, one for each college in the university. There are some Non Statutory Committees to assist the general administration.
The university has a wide variety of programmes to offer. Admission to the undergraduate programmes (except B.Sc. Home Science) is through a Common Entrance Test that includes questions on Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics/Agriculture. Admission is offered in July in order of merit in two counselling sessions. 75% of positions are offered to residents of Haryana, and the rest 25% are filled through an all-India entrance test organized by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research.
- B.Sc. (Hons) Agriculture
- B.Tech. (Agricultural Engineering)
- B.Sc. (Hons) Home Science
- B.V.Sc. & A.H. (Bachelor of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry)
- M.Sc. Agriculture
- M.Sc. Forestry
- M. Tech. (Agricultural Engineering)
- M.Sc. (Botany, Zoology, Sociology, Chemistry, Genetics, Fisheries, Plant Physiology, Biochemistry, Biotechnology & Molecular Biology, Bioinformatics, Microbiology or Statistics)
- M.Sc. (Food Science & Technology)
- M.Sc. (Home Science)
Several departments in the College of Agriculture, College of Home Science, College of Animal Sciences, College of Veterinary Sciences and College of Basic Sciences & Humanities offer Ph.D. programmes as well.
Research and extension activities
The university publishes the largest number of research papers among agricultural universities in India. It has four official publications: HAU Journal of Research, Haryana Veterinarian, Haryana Kheti, and Thesis Abstracts. A Kisan Mela (Farmers' Fair) is organized every year in March to promote the spread of agricultural technology among farmers. Over the years, HAU has released several varieties of wheat, rice, millets, forage crops, cash crops like sugarcane, cotton and oilseeds, vegetables and medicinal plants.